Like les miz, phantom, South Pacific and many other musicals. The rest that you listed are movies. But so was la cage, bands visit, producers, billy Elliot and kinky boots to name a few successful musicals from movies.
I agree many backfire, but there a plenty of original musicals that flop also.
Of your list, i loved Matilda (terrific score) and Beetlejuice (was building an audience before closed).